An aqueduct is a water supply or navigable channel constructed to convey water. The ancient roman-style aqueducts were built in different parts of the world. Some are as old as the 7th Century BC. The remains of around 600 aqueducts has been found out so far.
In the old city Caesarea of Israel, initially its waters came from the local wells but there was a requirement for a steady flow of running water.
The first aqueduct was built by King Herod (37BC and 4BC), and it was dedicated to the Roman Caesar, Augustus. Later in 2nd C BC, a second aqueduct was built by the Legions of the Emperor Hadrian. This aqueduct had a double width and capacity. These twin parallel aqueducts, termed today as the High-level aqueducts, continued to supply water for 1200 years.
During the Crusaders period (12th Century A.D.), a third, smaller, canal was built that replaced the first two. As it wasn’t sufficient, during the Byzantine Period, a fourth lower aqueduct was build.
Its ruins lie on the Mediterranean sea coast of Caesarea, Israel. I visited the place on a sunny afternoon. The place wasn’t crowded. There were a few people sunbathing. The beach looked lovely! I took a walk along the beach and saw the aqueduct and its remains. The aqueduct remains of Caesarea now stands there as a testament to the outstanding engineering and architectural skills of the ancient roman people.